Protecting Your Computer From Hackers, Viruses And Spyware

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Computers can very easily get harmed by viruses and malware however there are some steps which can be followed to avoid such malicious software from attacking your computer.

  1. Installing an antivirus software: this is a step which goes without saying; without an antivirus installed, you’re asking for trouble. Some people state that they don’t have a software because it is expensive however there are a number of free antivirus software’s available as well which are at times considered better than the commercial software packages. Some of the popular ones include Avira, Bitdefender, Panda Anti-Virus and Kaspersky Anti-Virus. An anti-malware program which you should also consider installing is the Malware Bytes Anti-Malware Free.

  2. Update every software: installing an antivirus software isn’t enough because every day new threats are found which is why the software itself releases updates on a regular basis to deal with them. Make sure that the software you are using is updated automatically. This also applies to any software you have installed on your computer. Turn on Automatic Updates and this will do the task for you.

  3. Install software’s you trust:  if you come across a software but aren’t sure of it, don’t install it. Additionally, don’t install anything you never planned on. At times, some programs ask you to install others however you need to be careful since these tend to be spyware most of the time. If you’re downloading from a known website then you’re safe however if you are using an unknown website, get it scanned first by using an online tool such as Virus Total.

  4. Avoid P2P File sharing software: this software is useful to download songs, movies and software however you need to be tech savvy when using it or else you could end up downloading a song or movie which has keystroke logger attached to it. This will send anything you type to someone else and it can be difficult to find as well unless your antivirus picks it up in its routine scan.

  5. Delete emails from random people: if you receive emails from random people, delete them immediately. It’s best to never download any attachment or even open an email from someone you don’t know. If you get an email from someone you do know and it contains an attachment, the best option would be to give them a call to confirm whether they have sent it or not

  6. Make sure to never click on ads: ads have become very sophisticated and interactive which entice people to click on them allowing them to win prizes. Make sure you do not click on such ads as these tend to not be safe

  7. Run virus scans on a regular basis: while scanning daily can be a hassle, at least make sure to do so every week. Set up a schedule on your computer through which the scan can run late at night or when you aren’t active on your computer. This way it won’t bother you and nor will it slow down your computer

  8. Be careful of things you attach to the computer: USB sticks sometimes are the most common way through which your computer may be attacked by a virus. Sharing USB’s can also be the problem as you don’t know what the stick would have picked up from someone else’s computer. A number of antivirus programs work the minute you insert the stick into your computer making it possible to detect if any virus is in the USB or not

  9. Avoid using shady websites: if you’re interested in porn sites, be aware that the chances are high that your computer will pick up on a virus from the site. If you must, use the sites in a virtual environment.

  10. Install Firewall and use it: if you use Mac or Windows, make sure you have Firewall installed and make use of it. This will prevent hackers from gaining access to your computer as it would limit the number of ports which are open to the public.

  11. Make sure your wireless network is secure: a number of wireless routers have no security when installed. Make sure that when you log onto your router, you have basic security which involves using a password. While there are stronger options for encryption, if you don’t understand them the best option would be to set a password for the router and wireless network so others can’t access it.

  12. Use a complicated password for login: this suggests that while you should already have a password to protect your computer, it should be a complicated one. You should also make sure to have different passwords for all your accounts so that it can be difficult for someone else to hack. A complex password should be one which contains numbers, upper and lowercase letters and characters.

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