Mobile malware has been receiving a great deal of attention however PC security at the same time can’t be ignored either. One must protect himself online to reduce the chances of cybercriminals getting access to your computer and online accounts, getting hold of your personal data and invading your privacy.
Viruses too are something which you need to guard yourself against and antivirus programs aren’t all the best. Malware attacks, identity theft and hacks can originate from any source and with some education on the topic and the right kind of tools; you can prevent yourself from becoming a victim. Here are some of the threats you need to look out for and the tools which you can use to protect your computer from them.
Viruses And Malware: viruses, spyware and malware all exist and cybercriminals are always looking for new ways to infect computers. It is not always that such infections can only come from shady parts of the internet which is why you need to be careful at all times. Your first step should be to install a security program or an antivirus. Not all are created equally as some packages detect more threats than what others do. While an antivirus program is the first weapon you need to have, other tools can help provide you with additional security.
OpenDNS provides the filtering of content which blocks sites which are infested with malware and phishing scams. The FamilyShield version of it automatically blocks malware, adult content, proxy sites and phishing sites and all it requires is a setting change on your PC. The Home and Premium version filter phishing sites and malware and allow free or paid accounts to be created which can be customized. The freeware Sandboxie is another option which lets the browser and applications run in safe mode to protect it from any viruses which may have been downloaded or from programs which turn out to be malware. Lastly, Malwarebytes is another option which works simultaneously with antivirus programs and may even catch malware which the regular antivirus may not have caught. Apart from installing the mentioned utilities, other steps which you can take include enabling automatic updates in Windows and keeping all non-Microsoft software’s up to date.
Hacking: another problem to worry about is cybercriminals getting inside your PC by hacking into it. This is where the use of firewall comes in as it can permit safe traffic to reach your website but block any traffic which is not safe. Windows as it is has Windows Firewall which is set by default to block off any unsafe traffic which may make its way to your computer however it doesn’t watch data which is going out and thus will not be able to detect any attempts which may be being made from your computer to send data to hackers. To get the best PC security, you need to use a firewall which protects your computer from incoming and outgoing malicious traffic and does so by default. Third party firewalls can also be used such as Comodo Firewall Free or ZoneAlarm Firewall.
Scam And Phishing Sites: cybercriminals tend to steal money, identities and passwords through phishing which is a way for hackers to get users to hand over their information without even realizing it. This is done by making use of a message or email which looks legitimate and which the user believes has come from a credible source but in reality, would not have. Some ways to prevent yourself from falling prey to such scams include not clicking on links in emails, making sure to check the SSL encryption before entering sensitive data online and using a browser add on which can help in identifying such scams.
Safety On Social Networks: social media websites are additional ways through which cybercriminals can get a hold of your personal data. In order to prevent hackers from getting to your details through such means, make sure to tighten your privacy settings and additional security which protects your account. Also make sure to friend only those people who you know as adding strangers can lead to trouble; make sure to watch out for any scams, hoaxes or phishing attempts and if something is too good to be true, it’s highly likely that it isn’t. when using apps which require your information, first check to see the kind of information it wants and if you feel you don’t want to let the app know the information it wants, don’t allow it access and lastly, use apps to help you in detecting any malicious activity. Anti-scam apps which can be used consist of Safego and Bitdefender which will help in monitoring your profiles comments and feeds and alert you of any malicious links which it may come across.
Inappropriate Content: if your computer is shared with children, make sure to block off inappropriate content. Even if your child isn’t looking for something of the sort, such things can still pop up. To avoid this from happening, enable parental controls in your Windows operating system through which you can determine what your child can do on the computer, activate OpenDNS for web filtering as an OpenDNS allows content filtering to be made possible and also enable filtering within search engines as this could prevent children from coming across inappropriate searches while they may be searching for something completely innocent.
Device And Theft Of Data: security risks do not always come from the internet and you can never know who is looking to steal your stuff. Theft has become a damaging concept yet continues to be a very simple one. Despite having passwords on your device, thieves can still get a hold of your personal data and passwords; remove the password and get access completely or perhaps even remove your hard drive and attach it to another computer. In order to avoid this, encryption is your best option. While a thief would still be able to delete the data, he wouldn’t be able to access it. Windows BitLocker is a good option to use if your version of Windows is the Enterprise or Ultimate edition of Windows Vista or even later versions. For any other version, you can check out the DiskCryptor utility. Another alternative would be to only encrypt sensitive data rather than encrypting your entire hard drive.
Wireless And Security For Cell Phones: apart from your computer, there are steps which you can and should take to protect your data. In order to do so, you can turn on encryption for your Wi-Fi as some routers don’t do so by default. Encrypting it will prevent others from entering into your network and causing any disruptions. Make use of a strong password for your Wi-Fi to make sure malicious parties aren’t able to break in; make sure your tablet and your smart phone is also password protected and lastly, install security apps on your device which can help you in locating and securing your device in case it gets stolen or lost.